In cases of security breach, Cyber Forensics experts can help forensic teams protect sensitive information. Cyber Forensics experts can also help companies to notify state and federal regulators about data breaches. These professionals can also help to count the number of records that were potentially compromised.
e-discovery is a branch of digital forensics
E-discovery is a branch of the field of digital forensics that helps forensic teams with legal disputes. These teams use digital forensics techniques to extract information from digital devices and search for hidden or deleted files. The data that is collected is then sent to legal counsel for review and analysis.
In the civil litigation arena, e-discovery is a crucial part of the case. The responding party must collect and examine digital information, ranging from emails to databases to CAD/CAM files. The analytical technique used depends on the specific circumstances and the type of information being sought.
The use of e-discovery by forensic teams can play a vital role in legal proceedings. In some cases, the contents of a single email can be the deciding factor in a billion dollar class-action lawsuit. These emails are commonly called “smoking guns” because they can reveal important information.
File carving is a technique used in digital forensics
File carving is a technique used to reconstruct computer files from fragments, even in the absence of filesystem metadata. Filesystem metadata includes the hierarchy of folders, filenames, and physical addresses of files on a storage device. If a file has been deleted, its entry has been removed from the filesystem’s metadata, but its data remains on the disk. This technique is useful in obtaining information even from corrupted or damaged hard drives.
File carving is an essential digital forensics tool that involves analyzing raw data and determining the file’s type, signature, and end. Files with a unique header and footer are easy to identify, but some files contain multiple headers. This makes it necessary to perform the process repeatedly to find the header and footer of the file.
Stochastic forensics is an important tool for cyber forensic teams, enabling them to reconstruct digital activities without relying on any digital artifacts. This technology is based on the statistical mechanics method of physics. With classical Newtonian mechanics, every single particle’s position and momentum must be calculated individually, which is not practical in large systems. Stochastic forensics, on the other hand, relies on the fact that digital artifacts are not always present and allows investigators to examine complex systems without knowing the individual particles’ properties.
This method is widely used in data breach investigations. It relies on the stochastic properties of modern computers to reconstruct digital activity without artifacts. It is particularly helpful when the hacker is an insider who doesn’t leave any digital artifacts behind.
Computer Forensics is a branch of digital forensics
Computer Forensics is an important branch of digital forensics for forensic team members and is used to preserve the integrity of digital evidence used in court cases. Modern devices collect vast amounts of data and these records can prove to be extremely valuable for solving legal issues. This data is typically unseen by the average person, but can be essential in solving a case.
In this branch of digital forensics, experts use a variety of tools to gather evidence. For instance, computer forensic experts search hard drives for hidden or deleted files and use encryption decoding software to recover and analyze digital evidence. In addition to computers, computer forensics specialists can also examine other digital devices.
Data breach investigations require digital forensics expertise
Digital forensics experts help investigative teams recover deleted data and uncover evidence of wrongful activity. These specialists can mitigate the damage caused by data breaches, reverse system failures, and prove that an employee or a third party used company property without authorisation. This work is intensive and involves the collection and analysis of data from various types of electronic devices. The evidence may be used in court and may even help solve crimes. Forensic investigators follow nine steps when collecting digital evidence.
When conducting data breach investigations, the forensic teams should be prepared to work with hard disks and network devices. Digital forensics experts also have experience working with disk images, which are bit-for-bit copies of digital storage devices. These images are critical to detecting advanced threats. They can also use application data, such as host, network, and software-specific logs.